While this might sound too good to be true, it really isn’t. Convict cichlids do best with a sandy substrate. Grayish body with vertical black stripes. However, it’s important to mention that this isn’t the safest possible option you can take. Convict cichlids have the classic cichlid body. The males will have larger anal and dorsal fins, … These fish have a long dorsal fin that starts about a fourth of the way back from their mouth (this point is where their pectoral fins begin as well). Yet, all of the food is of high quality and it is the best one for this fish kind as well as it keeps the tank water clean. Once larvae hatch from the eggs their attentive parents take them to some other place. Just like all other cichlid species, this fish eagerly takes care of its breed, taking dead and non-fertilized eggs from the nest from time to time. Some large grained bottom substrate, snags, roots, stones make the fish feel comfortable. Consistently elevated stress levels take their toll over the years. Archocentrus nigrofasciatus (Convict Cichlid) Description: Grow to 10cm, with the males attaining alarger size than females. Giving these fish enough space and pairing them with the right tank mates should keep them happy. That’s why even in a spacious tank you should choose strong and proper sized tank mates (green terrors, jewel cichlids, firemouth cichlids, blue acara). With that being said, it’s important to know their ideal parameters backward and forward. The Convict Cichlid is territorially aggressive, and will attack fish larger than itself. Regardless of this behavior, the Convict Cichlid is a frequent breeder. However, you should keep in mind that this species is very aggressive towards its tank mates, that’s why in case of small capacity tanks the couple has to be kept on its own in a tank. This is not a natural occurrence and is only sustainable due to the similar conditions that certain parts of the country offer. It’s worth noting that makes tend to be larger than females, but you won’t be able to identify their gender until they’re adults. This will ramp up the aggression and territorial behavior significantly and surely lead to someone getting hurt. It’s highly recommended to use rather powerful external filter since the fish likes digging tank bottom. This isn’t a demanding fish and it’s easy in care. Convict cichlids are omnivores and aren’t picky when it comes to finding food! The extra space will go a long way when it comes to keeping these fish happy. Establishing a regular feeding schedule is recommended as well. However, things get a bit trickier when you start thinking about planning how they’ll get along with other fish. An interesting note is that this species can be found in Australia as well. It’s desirable to keep this fish in large capacity tanks and some open spaces for the fish to swim. The ideal diet for convict cichlids is a mix of pellets or flakes with live food options as well. They have a base color of blue-gray, with a vertical pattern of 8 or so black bands. Different color varieties exist. Origin / Habitat : Guatemala, Central America One convict cichlid alone or a male and female combo are two common choices. Above: In this picture a young premium quality Polar Blue Parrot Cichlid is swimming in one of our aquariums, when one of us snapped this picture . Convict cichlids are one of the easiest fish in the world to breed. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. In small tanks it is recommended to keep a couple of cichlids. There was also bred a short-body (balloon cichlid). Or sometimes it may be a big leave of a tank plant. The most important thing you can do is make sure their habitat is conducive to the breeding process. If these fish are bred and raised by a subpar breeder, this could hinder their ability to live a long and healthy life. Male courtship process takes rather long time, once it’s finished the female lays the eggs in some place she likes. This comes down to the individual behavior of your fish since some like to root around in the substrate more aggressively than others. Convict cichlids prefer moving water, and are most frequently found in habitats with cover in the form of rocks or sunken branches. The fish that gets into local ponds from tanks has created a stable population in Australia and North America. Our two favorite live foods to give them are brine shrimp and bloodworms. Always do your homework about what’s needed before purchasing one! These fish are rather small compared to other cichlid species. If you’re someone who doesn’t want even the slightest possibility of a fight or aggressive behavior in your aquarium, keep them alone. Usually, you will find a black and white Convict Cichlid, but pink and yellow Cichlids are also found with no vertical stripes in their body. The fry will respond to signals from both the male and the female. They are very popular in the hobby as they are great for beginners and extremely easy to breed; they can also survive with much larger and more aggressive Cichlids. This makes caring for them a little bit easier and gives you a little bit of flexibility when it comes to tank mates (more on that later). Territorial fish that are prone to aggression tend to behave significantly worse in small aquariums. For example, if your convict cichlid has Ich you’ll see white spots on their body that will progressively get worse as the disease spreads. This means providing them with enough space (50-60 gallons ideally) and including some rocks and even a cave for the female to lay her eggs. This isn’t a fish that’s afraid to investigate different areas of the aquarium. Lifespan : 8 - 10 years, maybe slightly longer. To stimulate the fish spawning raise tank water temperature up to 29 oC (84 °F) and renew ¼ of tank water with the fresh one. Blood Parrots should be kept in groups. Setting up a tank for convict cichlids is pretty straightforward. Its coloring intensity may vary. Convict cichlids have a fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you’ll need to make in that department. Convict cichlid likes warm water 26–29 °C (79–84 °F), it can live under various parameters of water acidity and hardness, however it’s preferable for tank water to have ph about 6.6–7.8 and hardness 6 — 8 dGH. Understanding the aggressive tendencies of the convict cichlid is essential if you want to provide them with good care. Convict Cichlids need a minimum of 30 gallons of water. Convict Cichlid begin to breed at the age of 4-6 weeks, about 2 inches in size i.e. To get good and healthy juveniles still it’s better to put them into a separate volume. Aquarium Fish Sale imports as many as we can to provide a broad selection for our aquarists. Make sure that you don’t exceed more than one breeding pair per 20 gallons (75.7 L) of water. Males grow to be roughly 6 inches long, as females grow to be roughly 4.5 inches in length. We can find its gender-based on body size. However, there are the cases when males become aggressive and they may eat all the juveniles. You should install filtration and aeration in a tank with juveniles and you should renew the water about twice a week. The Convict Cichlid gets its name on its body because of its vertical black and white stripes. We’re a big fan of these fish and recommend them to anyone looking to take the next step into intermediate territory. Its average lifespan is about 8 — 10 years, though provided with proper care the fish may live longer. Also, don’t put a male and female in a community tank! It’s always smart to give your fish a close inspection from time to time. You have some room to be flexible when making this choice based on your own personal preference. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. As a rule we don’t take the fish parents from the tank. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Purchasing from reputable sellers is an easy way to avoid this. Cichlasoma nigrofasciata is very easy in keeping and care. As an adult they will have 8/9 black stripes across the length of its gray body. The Convict Cichlid is a popular aquarium fish kept by most people in their homes and offices. Proper convict cichlid care requires you to have an understanding of the behavior and temperament of these fish. A couple of young Cichlasoma nigrofasciata can live in a tank of 100 liters capacity (26 gallons), but reproductive adult fish require about 200 liters (52 gallons) capacity tank. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. After roughly a week the fry will be ready for you to feed them (we recommend brine shrimp). We’ve addressed each of these diseases in separate guides, but they’re worth mentioning so you know to keep an eye out. Learn more. The convict cichlid is a very hardy fish that can tolerate a wide range of water parameters. Look at the normal range and take it up to the higher side of the spectrum (somewhere 80°F and 84°F). Spawning happens all the year round with some small breaks. Convict Cichlid Size Difference Between Male and Female. 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